The Timber Regulation outlined the obligations of operators who place timber and timber products on the market to counter the trade of illegally harvested timber and timber products. It applied to both imported and domestically produced timber and timber products. It covered a broad range of timber products, including solid wood products, flooring, plywood, pulp and paper. Not included are recycled products, as well as printed papers such as books, magazines and newspapers.
The evaluation (‘Fitness check’) of the EU Timber Regulation showed that it improved the situation in third countries. EU trade partners took steps to strengthen their forest governance systems and reduce illegal logging to meet the requirements of the Regulation. The due diligence approach allowed flexibility to respond to new and emerging challenges linked to illegal logging and illegal land use change. Therefore, the new Regulation on deforestation-free products integrates and improves upon the framework set up with the Timber Regulation.
The main objectives of the EU Timber Regulation are to
- prohibit the placement of illegally harvested timber and products derived from such timber on the EU market
- require EU operators who place timber products on the EU market to exercise due diligence to minimise the risk of placing illegally harvested timber, or timber products containing illegally harvested timber
- require EU traders to keep records of their suppliers and customers
The core of the 'due diligence' notion is that operators undertake a risk management exercise to minimise the risk of placing illegally harvested timber, or timber products containing illegally harvested timber, on the EU market.
The three key elements of the "due diligence system" are:
- Access to information: The operator must have access to information describing the timber and timber products, country of harvest, species, quantity, details of the supplier and information on compliance with the applicable national legislation.
- Risk assessment: The operator should assess the risk of having illegal timber in his supply chain, based on the information identified above and taking into account criteria set out in the regulation.
- Risk mitigation: When the assessment shows that there is a risk of illegal timber entering the supply chain, that risk can be mitigated by requiring additional information and verification from the supplier.
- EU Timber Regulation adopted on 20 October 2010 and published in the Official Journal on 12 November 2010 its summary
- Commission delegated Regulation (EU) No 363/2012 of 23.2.2012 on the procedural rules for the recognition and withdrawal of recognition of monitoring organisations as provided for in Regulation (EU) No 995/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down the obligations of operators who place timber and timber products on the market.
- Commission implementing Regulation (EU) No 607/2012 of 6 July 2012 on the detailed rules concerning the due diligence system and the frequency and nature of the checks on monitoring organisations as provided for in Regulation (EU) No 995/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down the obligations of operators who place timber and timber products on the market
- Regulation (EU) 2019/1010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 on the alignment of reporting obligations in the field of legislation related to the environment (for the EUTR, please refer to Article 8)
- EU Customs code nomenclature
- Corrigendum to German version of Regulation (EU) 995/2010 published in OJ L 48 on 11 February 2021
- Corrigendum to Danish and Swedish versions of Regulation (EU) 995/2010 published in OJ L 65 on 04 March 2020
An evaluation (‘Fitness Check’) of the EUTR and the FLEGT Regulation was performed in 2021 to evaluate their implementation and functioning to assess if they are fit for purpose to halt illegal logging and related trade.
Every year Member States were required to submit a report to the Commission on the application of the EU Timber Regulation for the previous two years. Based on those reports, the Commission draws up a report to be submitted to the European Parliament and to the Council every two years. From 2020, the reporting period was shortened to one year (in line with Article 8 of Regulation (EU) 2019/1010).
EUTR Reports and Reviews
- Evaluation (background analysis of the 2013-2015 national biennial reports and on the experience with the application of the EUTR) - Annex 1
- Evaluation (background analysis of the 2013-2015 national biennial reports and on the experience with the application of the EUTR) - Annex 2
- Survey on the evaluation of the EU Timber Regulation two years after its entry into application
- The external contractor's report
- EUTR review Quality Assessment Form
- Member States' reports
Under the Regulation, "monitoring organisations" were recognised by the European Commission. These organisations which are private entities, provide EU operators with operational due diligence systems. Operators can develop their own system or use one developed by a monitoring organisation.
In 2014 the Commission set up an Expert Group on the EU Timber Regulation and the Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Regulation to ensure cooperation between Member States’ Competent Authorities and the European Commission and to ensure compliance with the EU Timber Regulation. Now named the Commission Expert Group / Multi-Stakeholder Platform on Protecting and Restoring the World's Forests, including the EU Timber Regulation and the Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Regulation, the work of this new group has been divided in two strands: the implementation of the EU Timber Regulation and the FLEGT Regulation, and the follow-up to the “Commission Communication on Protecting and Restoring the World’s Forests”.
List of nominated EUTR Competent authorities.
EU Timber Trade interactive dashboard
Interactive graphs to help users to identify key trading partners, temporal trends and commodities in trade, supporting EU Competent Authorities in planning their compliance checks on operators.
Studies and publications
Study on certification and verification schemes in the forest sector and for wood-based products
The updated version of the Guidance Document for the EU Timber Regulation was adopted on 12 February 2016. It is available in English and in the 22 other EU languages and replaces the Guidance document of 2013.
Guidance document on the verification of legality in timber trade for CITES-listed tree species imported into the EU
Additional guidance on the following matters has been agreed by the FLEGT/EUTR Expert Group:
Country overviews and Expert Group conclusions
Overviews of timber source countries of importance to the EU market are being produced by UNEP-WCMC for the European Commission, to support the implementation of the EU Timber Regulation. Information on forest management, legislation and potential risks of illegality from different timber source countries and timber supply chains assists the work of Competent Authorities in applying a risk-based approach to planning their checks on operators. It also assists operators, who are required to undertake a risk management exercise as part of their Due Diligence System. So far, EU Timber Regulation country overviews are available for: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Cameroon, China, Côte d’Ivoire, Malaysia, Myanmar, Republic of the Congo.
These overviews, developed by UNEP-WCMC for the European Commission, have been subject to external peer review and will be updated periodically based on available information. They reflect the views of the authors only, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
At the 2nd meeting of the “Commission Expert Group/Multi-Stakeholder Platform on Protecting and Restoring the World’s Forests” that took place on 9 December 2020, the EU Member States’ Competent Authorities have adopted conclusions on the application of Articles 4(2) and 6 of the EUTR to timber imports from Brazil and Myanmar.