There is only one planet Earth, yet by 2050, the world will be consuming as if there were three. The EU’s transition to a circular economy will reduce pressure on natural resources, create sustainable growth and jobs, and is necessary to achieve the EU’s 2050 climate neutrality target and to halt biodiversity loss.
Moving away from the linear “take-make-use-dispose” model and transitioning to a regenerative growth model is essential to keep resource consumption within planetary boundaries. In a circular economy, the value of products, materials and resources is maintained in the economy for as long as possible, and the generation of waste is minimized.
The current linear economy continually increases its demands of scarce natural resources. By using and consuming in a more circular way, we can substantially reduce the impacts of human economic activities on the environment, including on biodiversity.
To accelerate the EU’s transition to a circular economy, the European Commission adopted the new circular economy action plan in March 2020.
The circular economy will help us decouple economic growth from resource use, protecting Europe’s natural resources while boosting sustainable growth. It will help the European Union to strive to reduce its consumption footprint and double its circular material use rate in the coming decade.
The circular economy will
- enable an healthier planet and reduce pollution
- reduce pressure on natural resources such as water and land use
- reduce emissions to help the EU become the first climate-neutral continent
- create new business opportunities and local quality jobs
- enable more resilient value chains
EU action on plastic production and pollution to contribute to a circular economy.
Waste and recycling
EU action on waste management, treatment and recycling.
Circular economy at the global level
The EU is leading the way to a circular economy at the global level.
Critical raw materials
The EU’s action plan on critical raw materials, and list of these materials.
EU action to reduce industrial emissions.
EU measures to make sustainable products the norm in the EU.
EU action to address the production and consumption of textiles.
Tools and instruments
The EU’s label of environmental excellence, helping consumers make greener choices.
European Circular Economy Stakeholder Platform
Bringing together stakeholders active in the broad field of the circular economy in Europe.
Sustainable buildings – Level(s)
A common European approach to assess and report on the sustainability of buildings.
EU Environmental Technology Verification
Promoting the uptake of green technologies through a verification process.
Eco-management and audit scheme
The EU’s management instrument for companies to improve their environmental performance.
Green public procurement
A voluntary instrument to green public purchasing.
Raw materials initiative
The EU’s strategy for tackling the issue of access to raw materials in the EU.
Eco-innovation action plan
Eco-innovation and green technologies are key to the circular economy.
Circular economy monitoring framework
Monitor the progress of EU countries towards a circular economy.
European Innovation Partnership on Raw Materials
Bringing together stakeholders on innovative approaches to the challenges related to raw materials.
Main laws: Waste Framework Directive and other EU waste laws, Proposal for a Regulation on Batteries, Directive on single-use plastics, Ecodesign working plan 2016-2019, new Fertilising Products regulation, Water reuse regulation
Connected topics: Chemicals, Industrial emissions, Plastics, Secondary raw materials, Sustainable development Sustainable products
Connected strategies: New circular economy action plan, First circular economy action plan (2015 – 2019), Chemicals strategy for sustainability Zero pollution action plan, Biodiversity strategy for 2030, Plastics strategy, Action plan on critical raw materials, New industrial strategy EU strategy for sustainable and circular textiles
Connected Commission priorities: European Green Deal