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News article5 April 2022Directorate-General for Environment

The Commission starts to develop end-of-waste criteria for plastic waste

The Commission has finalised its scoping assessment to identify the priority list of waste streams for the development of further EU-wide end-of-waste criteria, as announced in the Circular Economy Action plan.*

Over the past year and a half, the Commission has carried out a scoping exercise that included a study published in 2020.** This was followed up by a stakeholder consultation and an on-line stakeholder workshop on 14-15 September 2021 where the Commission presented the ongoing end-of-waste scoping project, information gathered and preliminary findings.***

As part of this work, the Joint Research Centre/European Commission published the report Scoping possible further EU-wide end-of-waste and by-product criteria ( This report identifies the most suitable candidate streams for which further EU-wide end-of-waste criteria could be developed based on a methodology developed to ensure a real added EU value. The assessment builds on data and information provided by stakeholders during the stakeholder consultation period.

The top two candidate streams to be prioritised are the following:

1.  Plastics:

  • polyethylene terephthalate recovered/recycled from plastic waste;
  • low- and high-density polyethylene recovered/recycled from plastic waste;
  • mixed plastics waste recovered/recycled from plastic waste;
  • polystyrene and expanded polystyrene recovered/recycled from plastic waste; and
  • polypropylene plastic recovered/recycled from plastic waste.

2. Textiles:

  • separately collected clothes and other textiles prepared for re-use;
  • cellulosic fibres recovered/recycled from textile waste; and
  • mixed fibres recovered/recycled from textile waste

The Commission and its Joint Research Centre will commence the work on the development of end-of-waste criteria for plastic waste in Q2 2022 with the finalisation of the technical assessment expected by Q1 2024.  

The work on end-of-waste criteria for textile waste will commence in 2023.


*  See further COM/2020/98 final, Section 4.3, and Annex,

** A study published in 2020, a  by Umweltbundesamt GmbH and ARCADIS Belgium NV, STUDY TO ASSESS MEMBER STATES (MS) PRACTICES ON BY-PRODUCT AND END-OF WASTE,  Reference: N° 070201/2018/793241/ENV.B.3 Final Report, 30/04/2020, . The study examined Member States’ practices, set out recommendations and provided an overview of the situation in Member States as regards EoW and by-product criteria.

***A specific written consultation followed after the workshop on which basis Member States and stakeholders provided input and detailed comments to the Commission during autumn 2021.


Publication date
5 April 2022
Directorate-General for Environment

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