Every year, millions of vehicles in Europe reach the end of their life. When end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) are not properly managed, they can cause environmental problems and the European economy loses millions of tonnes of materials.
The Directive on end-of-life vehicles (ELV Directive) set clear targets for ELVs and their components. It also prohibits the use of hazardous substances when manufacturing new vehicles (especially lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium) except in defined exemptions when there are no adequate alternatives. The exemptions are listed in annex II of the Directive.
Since this Directive was introduced, several amendments have been made (for more information, see amendments below). The EU has also introduced several related rules such as the Directive on the type-approval of motor vehicles regarding their reusability, recyclability and recoverability.
The ELV Directive sets clear targets for their reuse, recycling and recovery and aims to
- prevent and limit waste from end-of-life vehicles and their components
- improve the environmental performance of all economic operators involved in the life-cycle of vehicles
- Directive on end-of-life vehicles
- Directive on end-of-life vehicles (consolidated version)
- Summary of EU Waste Legislation on ELVs
The EU has rules on monitoring the targets of the ELV Directive for reuse/recovery and reuse/recycling.
Member States must provide the required data on an annual basis, within 18 months of the end of the relevant year (e.g. by 30 June 2022 for the year 2020). See relevant data on EUROSTAT.
The Commission is currently reviewing the ELV Directive. The Commission expects to present a legislative proposal for the review of the Directive in 2022.
- 20 July - 26 October 2021: contribute to the public consultation on the revision of EU rules on end-of-life vehicles
- March 2021:Evaluation of the ELV Directive published
- January 2021: launch of the Impact Assessment of the ELV Directive
Contact: Commission – DG ENV: firstname.lastname@example.org; Consultants assisting the Commission in the Impact Assessment: Oeko-Institut e.V (ELV-Directive-Revision@oeko.de); Joint Research Centre for the study on recycled plastics content: JRCemail@example.com
Stakeholders’ consultation to be announced.
- October 2020: publication of the Roadmap for the Impact Assessment of the ELV Directive
- August 2020: publication of a report supporting the evaluation of the ELV Directive
Previously, the ELV Directive was evaluated in 2014.
Specific exemptions to the prohibition of the use of hazardous substances in vehicles are listed in Annex II to the ELV Directive. They are subject to reviews according to technical and scientific progress. The stakeholder consultation of the 11th amendment is ongoing, and covers the renewal of three exemptions. For more information, visit https://elv.biois.eu/ or contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
- 10th adaptation:stakeholder consultation
- 9th adaptation and 10th:stakeholder consultation
- 8th adaptation: Stakeholder consultation and final report
- 7thadaptation: Stakeholder consultation and final report
- 6th adaptation: Stakeholder consultation, contributions and final report
- 4th and 5th adaptations: final report
- 3rd adaptation: final report
- 2nd adaptation: consultation on exemptions 2(a), 4, 13(b) and 17 and consultation on the issue of vehicle spare parts put on the market after 1 July 2003
- 1st adaptation: consultation
Commission implementation reports are based on information provided by Member States pursuant to Commission Decision 2001/753/EC concerning a questionnaire for Member States reports on the implementation of the ELV Directive.
- Report on the implementation of the ELV Directive for the period 2014-2017
- For the reporting period 2014-2017, the Commission contracted Eunomia to analyze and summarize the responses of the Member States to the implementation questionnaires. The following report was produced: Report on the implementation of the ELV Directive for the period 2014-2017
- Report on the implementation of the ELV Directive for the periods 2008-2011 and 2011-2014
- For the reporting period 2008 - 2011, the Commission contracted Bio-Intelligence and for the reporting period 2011-2014 the Commission contracted Oeko Institut to analyze and summarize the responses of the Member States to the implementation questionnaires. The following reports were produced: ELV Implementation for 2008-2011 and ELV Implementation for 2011-2014.
- Report on the implementation of the ELV Directive for the period 2002-2005
- Report on the implementation of the ELV Directive for the period 2005-2008
Compliance Promotion Initiative
The Compliance Promotion Initiative(2017) assessed the implementation of the ELV Directive. It identified measures to improve certain aspects, particularly for ELVs of unknown whereabouts.
- 2023Commission’s proposal for the Review of the ELV Directive
- 20 July - 26 October 2021Public consultation on the revision of EU rules on end-of-life vehicles
- 16 March 2021Evaluation of the ELV Directive published
- 22 October-19 November 2020Roadmap for the Impact Assessment of the ELV Directive published
- 15 September - 8 December 2020Stakeholder consultation on the renewal of three exemptions
For more information visit https://elv.biois.eu/
- 18 September 2000Directive on end-of-life vehicles enters into force
- Scientific paper - Effectively tackling the issue of millions of vehicles with unknown whereabouts - European priority measure: establishing leakage-proof vehicle registration systems
- Study - Enhancing the Separation of Components and Materials from End-of-Life Vehicles Aiming at the Recovery of Critical Metals.(EN abstract p4, and summary p36 – 48)
- UBA study about ELV targets monitoring (EN summary p55-74)
- Report - ELV sector observatory: Full report and synthesis (FR)
- Report - ELV sector observatory: Full report and synthesis (EN)
- Report -Development of proposals, including legal instruments, to improve the data situation on the whereabouts of end-of-life vehicles (in English)(in German)
- Report - Requirements for the management of waste containing persistent organic pollutants – Rules concerning waste in POP Regulation and their application to waste electrical and electronic equipment and ELVs (in English)(in Finnish)
- ELV sector observatory (2016) Full report and synthesis: (in French). Synthesis: (in English)
- Economic study on ELV treatment in France (in French)
- Report - State of the art about Collection and treatment of automobile glass in France (in French)
- Report - Energy recovery of automobiles shredder residue – technical and economical analysis. State of the art in France and Europe (in French)
- Report - Non-metallic content of automobile spare parts from ELV (in French)(Excel file in French)
- Report - ELVs: Legal aspects, national practices and recommendations for future successful approach
- Assessment of the current state of implementation of the ELV Directive by Member State
- Expert opinion on the prohibition of hazardous substances in certain vehicle materials and components
- Rules on compliance with Article 7.2 of the ELV Directive
- Study II - Heavy metals in vehicles
- Study II – Heavy metals in vehicles
- Study on the benefits of the ELV Directive and the costs and benefits of a revision of the 2015 targets for recycling, re-use and recovery
For questions about EU environmental policy, please contact Europe Direct.