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Environment

Protecting biodiversity worldwide – towards an international agreement at COP 15

The EU aims to secure an ambitious global agreement to halt biodiversity loss at the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 15).

Objectives

The EU is ready to lead efforts and work with like-minded partners to achieve an ambitious global agreement to halt biodiversity loss, as set out in the Biodiversity Strategy for 2030.

The EU will negotiate for the following elements of the framework as a minimum:

  • Overarching global goals for biodiversity for 2050 that will aim for all of the world’s ecosystems to be restored, resilient, and adequately protected
  • Ambitious global 2030 targets in line with EU commitments in the EU Biodiversity Strategy, such as the protection of at least 30% of land and 30% of the seas globally and sustainable use and management of the remaining 70%.
  • A much stronger implementation, monitoring and review process
  • An enabling framework to bring the ambition to life, across areas such as finance, capacity, research, innovation and technology
  • Fair and equitable sharing of the benefits from the use of genetic resources linked to biodiversity
  • A principle of equality, based on an inclusive approach with participation of all stakeholders and indigenous peoples

EU action

The Commission is mobilising all tools of external action and international partnerships to help develop this agreement.

In the run-up to the COP 15, the European Commission has formed the Global Coalition United for Biodiversity. The Coalition has already bought together over 250 institutions from more than 50 countries around the world calling for stronger mobilisation in raising awareness about protecting biodiversity.

Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, has endorsed the Leaders' Pledge for Nature. Through this Pledge, and together with more than 80 of Heads of State and Government, the EU has committed to halt and reverse biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation by 2030.

The Commission also joined the intergovernmental High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People, which actively supports an ambitious framework and includes the goal to conserve at least 30% of land and sea by 2030.

Timeline

Key EU actions in the run up to COP 15

  1. 2022
    CBD COP 15 part two in Kunming, China
  2. 14 - 29 March 2022
    Resumed global biodiversity meetings in Geneva, Switzerland
  3. 11 - 15 October 2021
    CBD COP 15 part one
  4. September 2021
    IUCN World Conservation Congress
  5. January 2021
    Commission joined the intergovernmental High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People
  6. September 2020
    Commission President, Ursula von der Leyen, signed the Leader’s Pledge for Nature
  7. May 2020
    Commission published the Biodiversity Strategy for 2030
  8. March 2020
    EU launched the Global Coalition “United for Biodiversity”

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