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Air pollution from key sectors

This page contains a list of EU laws that regulate the emissions of air pollutants from various sources, categorised by sector. These are often accompanied by legal acts adopted by the Commission using its delegated and implementing powers.

Transport and mobility

Directive 2009/33/EC of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of clean road transport vehicles in support of low-emission mobility.

Regulation (EU) 2019/631 of 17 April 2019 setting CO₂ emission performance standards for new passenger cars and for new light commercial vehicles, and repealing Regulations (EC) 443/2009 and (EU) 510/2011.

Directive 98/70/EC of 13 October 1998 relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Council Directive 93/12/EEC.

Directive (EU) 2016/802 of 11 May 2016 relating to a reduction in the sulphur content of certain liquid fuels.

Directive 2009/126/EC of 21 October 2009 on Stage II petrol vapour recovery during refuelling of motor vehicles at service stations.

Regulation (EC) 595/2009 of 18 June 2009 on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and amending Regulation (EC) 715/2007 and Directive 2007/46/EC and repealing Directives 80/1269/EEC, 2005/55/EC and 2005/78/EC.

Directive 2013/53/EU of 20 November 2013 on recreational craft and personal watercraft and repealing Directive 94/25/EC.

Regulation (EU) 168/2013 of 15 January 2013 on the approval and market surveillance of two- or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles.

Regulation (EU) 2016/1628 of 14 September 2016 on requirements relating to gaseous and particulate pollutant emission limits and type-approval for internal combustion engines for non-road mobile machinery, amending Regulations (EU) 1024/2012 and (EU) 167/2013, and amending and repealing Directive 97/68/EC.

Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of 30 May 2018 on the approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles, amending Regulations (EC) 715/2007 and (EC) 595/2009 and repealing Directive 2007/46/EC.

Regulation (EC) 715/2007 of 20 June 2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information.

Regulation (EU) 167/2013 of 5 February 2013 on the approval and market surveillance of agricultural and forestry vehicles.

Directive 2014/94/EU of 22 October 2014 on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure.

Regulation (EU) 2018/1139 of 4 July 2018 on common rules in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Union Aviation Safety Agency, and amending Regulations (EC) 2111/2005, (EC) 1008/2008, (EU) 996/2010, (EU) 376/2014 and Directives 2014/30/EU and 2014/53/EU, and repealing Regulations (EC) 552/2004 and (EC) 216/2008 and Council Regulation (EEC) 3922/91.

Directive 2014/45/EU of 3 April 2014 on periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers and repealing Directive 2009/40/EC.

Directive 2014/47/EU of 3 April 2014 on the technical roadside inspection of the roadworthiness of commercial vehicles circulating in the Union and repealing Directive 2000/30/EC.

Directive 94/63/EC of 20 December 1994 of 20 December 1994 on the control of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions resulting from the storage of petrol and its distribution from terminals to service stations.